GINI-SA - Global Identity Networking of Individuals - was a EU funded support action that lasted between 2009 - 2012.  Coordinated by IKED, the project was pursued by an excellent set of organisations that draw on complementary specialist competences, GINI-SA paved the way for new insights how to frame a human-centric ecosystem where digital information is managed on terms controlled by individuals, not by proprietary vendors.

The outcomes were advanced through two yeas, 2015 and 2016, in breakout events at the World Economic Forum in Davos, in collaboration with OISTE and WiseKey in Geneva. Nelly Kroes, Commissioner for the Digital Agenda at the European Commission, chaired the final session. The results are currently processed and further built upon in a range of open source initiatives


  • International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development (IKED) - SWEDEN
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems, Fraunhofer FOKUS - Germany
  • The Catholic University of Leuven - Katholieke Universiteit LEUVEN (KUL) - Belgium
  • Graz University of Technology - Technische Universitaet Graz (TUG) - aUSTRIA
  • Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt (GUF) - Germany
  • Government to You (Gov2U) - Greece
  • NorthID Oy (NorthID) - Finland


GINI Position Paper on Personalized, Privacy-enhancing Identity Management


The Individualised Digital Identity Model

A User-centric Framework of Identity Management Services


White Paper on the Establishment of an INDI Operator Market